Different Treatments Used by Physiotherapists
The types of physiotherapy treatments vary and depends on your particular muscular or skeletal condition. Often, physiotherapy treatments are specifically made for one person and may not be the same for another with the same condition. Treatments are "tailor-made" for your particular problems and goals.
Types of Physiotherapy Treatments / Interventions
Cold Therapy or Cryotherapy
Cold therapy is effective in minimizing pain and swelling, especially in acute (immediate) injuries. It may also be used just after deep kneading massage (DKM). Examples of cold therapy are ice pack application and ice massage.
Applying heat can help improve your blood flow especially at the site of injury, thus, speeding up healing. In addition, it can help soften tight tissues and relieves pain. There are several heating modalities and devices available including
- Hot packs
- Paraffin wax bath
- Infrared heat
- Ultrasound (US)
Electrical stimulation is used to prevent muscle atrophy (wasting) in people with paralysis and assist in gaining some degree of muscle strength, such as after a knee surgery. In electrical stimulation, electrodes are placed on the surface of the skin, which can cause muscles to shorten.
TENS, or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, is a type of electrical stimulation. It is a small battery-powered device that sends low current through the electrodes place on the skin surface. A TENS device does not cause the muscles to contract, but rather helps temporarily relieve pain.
Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises
Range of motion exercises are often prescribed to increase or maintain flexibility of your joints and to reduce stiffness. There several types of range of motion exercises often prescribed including the following
- Passive Range of Motion (PROM) Exercises
- Active Assistive Range of Motion(AAROM) Exercises
- Active Range of Motion (AROM) Exercices
Certain conditions can make your muscles to become weak. Strengthening exercises is an important part of physiotherapy rehabilitation to prepare you for your return to your original performance level or highest possible function.
Soft Tissue Mobilization
Soft tissue mobilization or therapeutic massage may be a part of your physiotherapy treatment to relax your tight muscles, relieve pain and reduce swelling.
The following are other physiotherapy treatments. More information will be provided in future topics.
- Joint Mobilization
- Gait (Walking) Training / Assistive Device Training
- Postural Training
- Ergonomic training
- Balance Exercises
- Fitting of Orthosis
Another important aspect of physiotherapy rehabilitation is patient / family education. You will learn so much from your physiotherapist about your particular condition, what you can do at home to manage your symptoms, precautions to observe, and repeat injury prevention.
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Conditions and Injuries l All About Physiotherapy
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