Tendonitis occurs when any of your tendons becomes irritated and inflamed. A tendon is a strong band of tissue connecting your muscle to your bone. Tendonitis often results from overstretching or overuse/repetitive movements. Tendinitis is the other term for tendonitis.
What causes tendonitis?
Tendonitis can happen when your tendon is overstretched causing small or large tears in the tendon. In some cases, the tendon can be fully torn. The condition can be acute or chronic. Acute tendonitis can be due to a forceful movement, such as in pitching in baseball, sprinting, or sudden jumping in basketball or volleyball.
Chronic tendonitis is caused by repetitive movements putting stress on the tendon. Some sports at risk for the condition may include baseball, basketball, swimming, football, sprinting, long-jumping, heavy weight-lifters, and certain racket sports.
Repetitive activities at work can put a person at risk for developing tendonitis, as well. This may include carpenters, typists, and gardeners.
What are the symptoms of tendonitis?
The symptoms that you experience depend on what tendon is involved. However, the most common symptoms of tendonitis are pain, swelling, and difficulty moving. You may also experience bruising, a bluish discoloration of the skin overlying the injured area. Other symptoms may include tenderness, hearing a pop at the time of injury, and warmth or redness.
What you can do
Immediately following your injury, you should
- Rest and avoid certain movements that aggravate your symptoms
- Apply ice on the injured area
- Elevate your injured limb above the level of your heart
If these home remedies do not work or your symptoms worsen, consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
You may need other treatments for your tendonitis including
- Use of supportive brace or strap
- Use of assistive device
- Steroid injection
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