Muscle Contusion – About Muscle Contusions

Muscle contusions are one of the most common sports-related injuries. It is an injury to any of your muscles and its associated structures, such as connective tissues and blood vessels. Muscle contusions are also called muscle bruises.

Severe muscle contusion can affect your athletic performance and, probably, have to do away with your sport completely for a few weeks. Most cases of muscle contusions do not require special medical attention.

Causes of Muscle Contusions

A contusion usually occurs because of a direct blow or repeated blows to a muscle. The condition is common in contact and collision sports, such as football, hockey, boxing, wrestling, and full-contact martial arts.

Muscle Contusion Symptoms

Symptoms of muscle contusion can vary depending on the severity of the injury. The most common symptom is pain at the site of injury. If you have a muscle contusion, you may also experience
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Difficulty moving your injured limb

In some severe cases, the muscle may be torn. In others, bone fracture may occur.

If you have severe symptoms, consult your doctor immediately for proper diagnosis and prompt treatment.

What you can do

Minor muscle contusions usually heal quickly even without special medical treatments. Simple home remedies, such as rest and ice application may just be enough to manage your symptoms. Once your symptoms of pain and swelling subside, you may start with gradual range of motion and stretching exercises. A physiotherapist can help you in choosing the best exercises for you.

If you have severe symptoms at the time of your injury; your symptoms worsen in spite of home treatments; or you are unsure of the severity of your injury, don’t hesitate to seek medical help.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will perform a thorough physical examination of your injured body part. He or she may suggest imaging of your injury to rule out bone fracture or other tissue injuries.

Treatments

Treatments that you will receive for your muscle contusion depend on the severity of your injury. Treatment options may include rest, ice, pain medication, and physical therapy.

Other treatments may be necessary if you have severe tissue damage.

Physiotherapy for Muscle Contusion

Physiotherapy can help you get back to your original activities or sport as fast and safely possible. In most cases, your physiotherapy will include different exercises to improve your joint range of motion, muscle stretches and progressive strengthening exercises.

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